The apex food regulator has decided to classify sweeteners as caloric and non-caloric and has introduced an amendment into the FSS (Food Products and Food Additives) Regulations.
The amendments were recently notified by the FSSAI as Food Safety and Standards (Food Products Standards and Food Additives) Third Amendment Regulations, 2021.
According to the amendments notified, sweeteners (as food additives) shall be classified as ?caloric sweeteners and non–caloric sweeteners. The amendment reads, “Caloric sweeteners are substances having greater than 2 per cent of the caloric value of sucrose per equivalent unit of sweetening capacity. These include Sorbitol, Sorbitol syrup, Mannitol, Isomalt, Polyglycitol syrup, Maltitol, Maltitol syrup, Lactitol and Xylitol.”
It adds, “Non-caloric sweeteners are substances having less than 2 per cent of the caloric value of sucrose per equivalent unit of sweetening capacity. These include Erythritol, Steviol glycoside, Thaumatin, Aspartame, Sucralose, Alitame, Neotame, Acesulfame potassium, Aspartame-Acesulfame potassium salt and Saccharins.”
According to industry insiders, this amendment was related to the labelling norms prescribed by the FSSAI recently to make it more specific for the general consumers about the sweeteners content of the food product.
Regn of food businesses involved in sweets production
Meanwhile, the FSSAI has also recently issued a direction for introducing categories for registration of food businesses involved in sweets production. Until now only Central licence was issued to food businesses and small sweetshop owners were demanding from the FSSAI to modify its regulations regarding small and medium sweetshop owners.
Indian sweets are classified into milk based, khoa based, channa based, fermented milk based, other composite milk based, cereal or pulses flour/starch based, dry fruit and nut based, Indian confections, and fruit and vegetables based sweets.
D V Malhan, president of Bakers’ Society of India, said that this was a welcome move by the FSSAI. He also suggested that the FSSAI should take these sweets categories to the Codex so that the sweet manufacturers of India can get benefit across the globe.
“If there will be a category in the Codex, this would help Indian sweets manufacturers in world trade. The FSSAI should make efforts to include these categories to Codex. There are immense possibilities of Indian sweets and snacks in the world market,” he said.